Government of India National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) Department of Health & Family Welfare
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MALARIA CONTROL STRATEGIESE

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MALARIA CONTROL STRATEGIES

1. Early case Detection and Prompt Treatment (EDPT)

  • EDPT is the main strategy of malaria control - radical treatment is necessary for all the cases of malaria to prevent transmission of malaria.
  • Chloroquine is the main anti-malaria drug for uncomplicated malaria.
  • Drug Distribution Centres (DDCs) and Fever Treatment Depots (FTDs) have been established in the rural areas for providing easy access to anti-malarial drugs to the community.
  • Alternative drugs for chloroquine resistant malaria are recommended as per the drug policy of malaria.

2. Vector Control

(i) Chemical Control

  • Use of Indoor Residual Spray (IRS) with insecticides recommended under the programnme
  • Use of chemical larvicides like Abate in potable water
  • Aerosol space spray during day time
  • Malathion fogging during outbreaks

(ii) Biological Control

  • Use of larvivorous fish in ornamental tanks, fountains etc.
  • Use of biocides.

(iii) Personal Prophylatic Measures that individuals/communities can take up

  • Use of mosquito repellent creams, liquids, coils, mats etc.
  • Screening of the houses with wire mesh
  • Use of bednets treated with insecticide
  • Wearing clothes that cover maximum surface area of the body

4. Community Participation

  • Sensitizing and involving the community for detection of Anopheles breeding places and their elimination
  • NGO schemes involving them in programme strategies
  • Collaboration with CII/ASSOCHAM/FICCI

5. Environmental Management & Source Reduction Methods

  • Source reduction i.e. filling of the breeding places
  • Proper covering of stored water
  • Channelization of breeding source

6. Monitoring and Evaluation of the programme

  • Monthly Computerized Management Information System(CMIS)
  • Field visits by state by State National Programme Officers
  • Field visits by Malaria Research Centres and other ICMR Institutes
  • Feedback to states on field observations for correction actions.