JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS
 
The steps taken by Govt. of India towards prevention and Control of AES/JE are as follows:-
  • JE vaccination campaign was launched during 2006 wherein 11 most sensitive districts in Assam, Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh were covered. Altogether 86 JE endemic districts in the states of Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal have been covered.
  • During 2009-2010 an amount of Rs.2.90 crores was allocated to the JE endemic states.
  • Re-orientation training course on AES/JE case management is a continuing process. Such orientating training courses were carried out in Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Haryana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal during 2008 and 2009 respectively.
  • Advisories were also sent to all the states during February, 2009.
  • The diagnostic facilities have been strengthened at 50 sentinel and 13 Apex Referral Laboratories including 15 sentinel sites established in Uttar Pradesh. These have been supplied with diagnostic kits free of cost from National Institute of Virology (NIV), Pune.
  • The situation of most endemic state i.e. Uttar Pradesh was reviewed in April, June, July, August, September, 2009 and February, 2010.
  • Guidelines were developed on AES/JE case management and on prevention and control of Entero-viruses which have been circulated to the states.
  • For establishing a Physical, Medicine & Rehabilitation (PMR) department at BRD Medical College for treating physical disabilities due to AES/JE, MOU has been submitted to the state of Uttar Pradesh.
  • One Vector Borne Disease Surveillance Unit (VBDSU) and one JE sub-office was established at BRD Medical College, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh.
  • Further, for establishing 50 bedded AES/JE treatment facilities at BRD Medical College, Gorakhpur, an amount of Rs.5.88 crores has been released under NRHM during 2009-10.