What is Japanese Encephalitis?

  • Japanese Encephalitis is a viral disease
  • It is transmitted by infective bites of female mosquitoes mainly belonging to Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Culex vishnui and Culex pseudovishnui group. However, some other mosquito species also play a role in transmission under specific conditions
  • JE virus is primarily zoonotic in its natural cycle and man is an accidental host.
  • JE virus is neurotorpic and arbovirus and primarily affects central nervous system